Thursday, August 28, 2014

Ta-Ra-Ra-BOOM-De-Ay! Part 3

Well more methane is seeping out of the ocean floor not only in the Arctic but also in the Atlantic now, off the USA East Coast.

Methane Monster’s Grumbling Goes Global: 570 Methane Plumes Discovered on Atlantic Ocean Sea Floor - from Robertscribbler.

(snip)

Greenhouse gas concentrations spike — heating the atmosphere and the deep ocean after a period of glaciation during which vast stores of carbon accumulated. Massive volumes of this carbon lay dormant — trapped in frozen ground and in clathrates on the sea bed. As the ocean and airs warm, these carbon stores release causing a massive spike of additional greenhouse gasses to hit the atmosphere and setting off ever-more-rampant heating. The cycle continues until much of these carbon stores out-gas, pushing the Earth into a hothouse state.
Sound chillingly familiar?

What I’ve just described is the process that most scientists believe occurred during the worst mass extinction event in the geological past — the Permian Extinction. A hothouse event that killed 95% of life in the oceans and 70% of life on land. And what humans are now doing to the Earth’s airs and waters through CO2 and related greenhouse gas emissions may well be shockingly similar.

(snip)
Unfortunately, the vast carbon store in the Arctic is not the only potential source of heating feedback carbon release. For around the world, upon and beneath the ocean sea bed, billions of tons of methane lay stored in clathrate structures. These stores are separate from the large carbon deposits in the Arctic. But they are no less dangerous.

In 2012, Nature issued a study that found a store of clathrates composing billions of tons of methane was now destabilizing off the US East Coast. The study predicted large-scale releases in the multi-gigaton range from the southern region of the East Coast methane clathrate store due both to changes in the Gulf Stream circulation and to warming bottom waters — both impacts set off by human-caused climate change. The study was uncertain how fast such a release could occur, but noted that the eventual release was likely due to wide-scale clathrate degradation associated with ocean bottom warming.
And the amount of methane in our atmosphere is increasing faster now... last year it was about 1825 ppb; now it's around 1836 ppb. Note the rate of increase was lower prior to 2011.

Source - Sam Caranas (Arctic News)
Notation in blue is mine.
This means the amount of methane that is in the atmosphere is increasing and could take off like a rocket - creating a hockey stick graph! And everyone knows, or should know, that hockey stick graphs charting realtime phenomenon, like a real estate bubble, a population explosion, etc., are very, very dangerous! It indicates that things will soon go haywire. And we can't afford to let that happen to our global climate. Earth is the only home we have.

Saturday, August 23, 2014

Bicycle Roundabout.

Here's something interesting! The City is building a new bikepath along the right-of-way of the old railroad tracks which used to be the Carondelet Canal here in New Orleans. In the block bounded by Conti St, Jeff Davis Pkwy (Northbound), Lafitte St and Jeff Davis Pkwy (Southbound) is a junction of three bikeways: the Jeff Davis Bikeway, the Bayou St John Bikeway and the Lafitte Greenway. At the very junction itself they are building a miniature roundabout!



Thursday, August 21, 2014

Was Jesus Even Crucified? Part 6d


Part 6

WHEN Was Jesus Crucified?
Previous Parts:
Part 1 - Link
Part 2 - Link
Part 3 - Link
Part 4 - Link
Part 5 - Link
Part 6a - Link
Part 6b - Link
Part 6c - Link
 
 
Part 6d – Tertullian.
Tertullian (c. 160 – c. 225 CE) was one of the early Church Fathers who was a prolific writed in the late Second and early Third Centuries CE. Now he had his own reckoning of the date of Jesus’ alleged passion and crucifixion. In his An Answer to the Jews (original Latin Adversus Iudaeos here), Tertullian makes a case for Jesus fulfilling the role of the awaited Messiah that was prophesied, or at least hinted at, to come at a particular time in the so-called Daniel’s Seventy “Weeks” or hebdomads (sevens) of subsequent Jewish history.
Tertullian sets out his task, here:
Accordingly the times must be inquired into of the predicted and future nativity of the Christ, and of His passion, and of the extermination of the city of Jerusalem, that is, its devastation. For Daniel says, that "both the holy city and the holy place are exterminated together with the coming Leader, and that the pinnacle is destroyed unto ruin." And so the times of the coming Christ, the Leader, must be inquired into, which we shall trace in Daniel; and, after computing them, shall prove Him to be come, even on the ground of the times prescribed, and of competent signs and operations of His.
First, he quotes Daniel’s prophecy, or rather, what Daniel wrote what the Archangel Gabriel spoke to him (emphasis and notation in brackets [..] mine):
Daniel I am now come out to imbue thee with understanding; in the beginning of thy supplication went out a word. And I am come to announce to thee, because thou art a man of desires; and ponder thou on the word, and understand in the vision. Seventy hebdomads have been abridged upon thy commonalty, and upon the holy city, until delinquency be made inveterate, and sins sealed, and righteousness obtained by entreaty, and righteousness eternal introduced; and in order that vision and prophet may be sealed, and an holy one of holy ones anointed. And thou shalt know, and thoroughly see, and understand, from the going forth of a word for restoring and rebuilding Jerusalem unto the Christ, the Leader, hebdomads (seven and an half, and) lxii [62] and an half: and it shall convert, and shall be built into height and entrenchment, and the times shall be renewed: and after these lxii [62] hebdomads shall the anointing be exterminated, and shall not be; and the city and the holy place shall he exterminate together with the Leader, who is making His advent; and they shall be cut short as in a deluge, until (the) end of a war, which shall be cut short unto ruin. And he shall confirm a testament in many. In one hebdomad and the half of the hebdomad shall be taken away my sacrifice and libation, and in the holy place the execration of devastation, (and) until the end of (the) time consummation shall be given with regard to this devastation.”
Next, he lays out the timeline from Darius I of Persia to the birth of Jesus according to the gospels of Matthew and Luke in the times of Augustus Caesar. Apparently he doesn’t follow Daniel’s prophecy exactly or even closely, but calls out the following:
·         First, a total of 70 hebdomads is reserved for the city of Jerusalem shall be built into its ultimate height and entrenchment, “if they [the Jews of Jerusalem] receive him.”
·         Second, if they don’t receive him, then at the end of the 62-1/2 hebdomads he is to be born, and “an holy one of holy ones is to be anointed.”
·         Third, after an additional 7-1/2 hebdomads, he is to suffer.
·         Fourth and last, after 1-1/2 hebdomads, the city of Jerusalem, including its holy place, is to be destroyed, utterly.
So Tertullian reckons the counting as beginning with the first year of Darius I (r. Sept 522 – October 486 BCE), not, as present day Evangelical apologists usually do, from the decree of Artaxerxes I to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem in 445 BCE. He lists several Persian monarchs (he seems to drop quite a few), then Alexander the Great of the Macedonian Empire, then the rulers of the Ptolemaic Empire (dropping several again) with the last ruler being Cleopatra (d. August 12, 30 BCE), after whom Caesar Augustus took power in the region and ruled for 43 years until August 19, 14 CE.

Tertullian states that Jesus was born in the 41st year of Augustus’ reign, 1 28 years after the death of Cleopatra, which would be in the late summer or autumn of 2 BCE. He also states that Augustus lives for 15 more years until 14 CE.
Moreover, the elapsed time since the first year of Darius I to the birth of Jesus, Tertulian computed to be 437 years, 6 months. The actual elapsed time (approximately 520 years) was considerably longer! So already he has gone off the rails. But he charges on.
Next he dives into the business of the “seven and a half hebdomads.” Now this we will go into as much detail as Tertullian did:
·         From the birth of Jesus until Caesar Augustus’ death, 15 years.
·         From Augustus’ death Tiberius Caesar held the vast Roman Empire for 20 years, 7 months and 28 days (actually September 18, 14 CE to March 16, 37 CE, equaling 22 years, 5 months and 28 days).
·         In the fiftieth 2 (actually, fifteenth) year. Jesus was crucified at about thirty years of age.
·         Caius “Caligula” Caesar: 3 years, 8 months and 13 days.
·         Claudius is missing!
·         Nero Caesar: 11 years, 9 months, 13 days.
·         Galba: 7 months, 6 days.
·         Otho: 3 days.
·         Vitellus: 8 months, 27 days.
·         Vespasian: 12 years, 6 months. Subdues the Jewish nation in the first year of his empire.
·         From the birth of Jesus to the fall of Jerusalem (on Tisha B’Av = 29 or 30 July, 70 CE) is 72 years, 6 months. This would put the birth of Jesus at about February 28, 2 BCE.
·         When Jerusalem was stormed by the Romans, the 70 hebdomads were fulfilled.
 
Well 72-1/2 years are hardly seven and one-half hebdomads, meaning “weeks,” “seven years,” or “septenary,” 3 which last add up to 52-1/2 years. And 592-1/2 years are hardly 70 hebdomads, or 490 years, either. But we have the year in which Tertullian believes Jesus was crucified: the fifteenth year of Tiberius, or 28-29 CE. Assuming de facto years, this would be between September 18, 28 CE and September 18, 29 CE. This being on a Passover, would be in the Spring of 29 CE. As Tertullian explains it:
 
And the suffering of this extermination was perfected within the times of the lxx hebdomads, under Tiberius Cæsar, in the consulate of Rubellius Geminus and Fufius Geminus, in the month of March, at the times of the passover, on the eighth day before the calends of April, on the first day of unleavened bread, on which they [all the Synagogue of Israel] slew the lamb at even, just as had been enjoined by Moses.
This would place the crucifixion of Jesus on about the 25th of March, Erev Pesach (which the NT calls the First Day of Unleavened Bread), 29 CE. If we assume Accessional years by the Julian calendar, the year would be the same. If non-Accessional, the year would change to 28 CE.

Conclusion: although Tertullian has a certain year in mind, he is in disagreement with Eusebius, who thinks the Crucifixion occurred in 33 CE. Discrepancies such as this is to be expected, when the gospels present us with nothing but confusion!
Notes:
1.      I’m not sure how he figured this: the Roman Empire was established January 16, 27 BCE, the starting point for Augustus’ Empire. Does he mean to count Augustus’ Empire from the time the Second Triumvirate was established or when he was elected one of two Consuls? The former was in October 43 BCE; the latter was on August 19, 43 BCE.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustus
2.      Mistranslation. Latin text reads quintodecimo, ablative of quintus decimus, meaning, fifteenth. Link: https://www.google.com/search?q=google+translate&sourceid=ie7&rls=com.microsoft:en-US:IE-Address&ie=&oe=&safe=active&gws_rd=ssl .
3.      Perseus Greek Word Study Tool, ἑβδομάς (click on “LSJ” and “Middle Liddell”); Numen Latin Word Study Tool, hebdomades.
 
 
 

 

Thursday, August 7, 2014

UPDATE August 7, 2014

The post, "Was Jesus Even Crucified? Part 6c" is complete and ready for your comments.

A new Part 6d discussing Tertullian's dating of the alleged crucifixion will be coming soon.

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Ta Ra Ra BOOM Deeay! Part 2

From Robertscribbler's article "Large Methane Plumes Discovered on Laptev Continental Slope Boundary: Evidence of Possible Methane Hydrate Release":

Over the past few years, the Arctic has been experiencing an invasion.

Emerging from the Gulf Stream, a pulse of warmer than normal water propagated north past Iceland and into the Barents Sea. There, it dove beneath the surface fresh water and retreating sea ice, plunging to a depth of around 200-500 meters where it concentrated, lending heat to the entire water column. Taking a right hand turn along the Siberian Continental Shelf, it crossed through the mid water zones of the Kara. Finally, it entered the Laptev and there it abutted against the downward facing slopes of the submarine continental region.

As the water temperatures at these depths warmed, researchers began to wonder if they would trigger the destabilization of methane hydrate stores locked  in deeper waters along the shelf boundary. And, now, a new expedition may have uncovered evidence that just such an event is ongoing.
And here's a photo of methane bubbles bubbling up from the slope itself!

Source: Stockholm University via Robertscribbler.


Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Ta Ra Ra BOOM Deeay!

The methanc clathrates under the East Siberian Arctic Continental Shelf (ESAS), its slope into the deep and even under the Permafrost in Siberia are destabilizing. On land, four "sinkholes" with "levees" have formed, explosively like a the champagne under a popped cork, or even with a fiery explosion.

And the Global Warming demons will be singing "Ta Ra Ra BOOM Deeay!" as they ride up the rising gas bubbles once the clathrates really belch. Probably past 2100, but who knows?

As Robertscribbler reports in his blog article, "Is This the Compost Bomb’s Smoking Gun? Second Mysterious Hole Found in Yamal Russia."

Yamal, Russia — a stretch of tundra flats and peat bogs stretching as far as the eye can see before terminating into the chill waters of the Kara. A rather stark and desolate place, one that was mostly unknown until a massive and strange hole appeared in the earth there last week. Since that time, the strange hole has been the butt of every kind of wild speculation and controversy.

The hole itself was an alien feature. “We haven’t seen anything like this before,” would be an entirely accurate statement. All about the hole was a large pile of debris — overturned earth, huge chunks of soil piled up in a signature very familiar to the ejecta of a meteor impact crater.
Approaching the hole edge, we came to a gradual slope that proceeded downward for about 40 feet at about a 35 degree incline. Along the surface of this incline, both the unfrozen soil cap and the frozen permafrost were visible.

But it wasn’t until we hit the bottom edge of this incline that we encountered the strangest feature of all — a sheer cliff, rounded in a shape like the smooth bore of a gun, and plunging straight down through icy permafrost for about another hundred and twenty feet before revealing a basement cavern slowly filling with melt.

It’s a combination of features that appears to be one half impact crater and one half sink hole.
A poster by the name of Bernard says two more holes have opened up in Siberia: Antipayuta, Taz district, and Nosok, Krasnoyarsk region. For more info, click here, scroll down and click here.

Second Yamal crater.
A "sinkhole" with levees! 
(Source: The Siberian Times via Robertscribbler)

Thursday, July 24, 2014

The Top 0.1%, Koch Borthers, and Global Weirding

There's a reason why Peak Oil Is No Object, and why we are at the Fin Des Voies Rapides anyway. But it's taken me a while to get there!

It's because of the already extant overburden of Carbon Dioxide (402 ppm), Methane (1830 ppb), Nitrous Oxide, Ozone, etc. We now are at a global warming of 0.92 C since the 1880s -- 0.76 C since 1950 and 0.80 C since 1750, the dawn of industrialization! And already we are having Global Weirding in the weather!

The driving force behind all this -- and controlling the governments -- are the top 0.1%, particularly those who profit from fossil fuels extraction, prime example being the Koch Brothers. And why this driving force? It's as Dmitry Orlov said, it's due to Moneybag Logic:
This logic says that having more money is always good, having less money is always bad, and that therefore everyone should do everything possible to make sure that there is always more money. If that requires turning the Earth into a polluted, radioactive, lifeless desert, so be it.
So here's a subthread I've taken from RobertScribbler's blog article World In Hot Water: Screaming Sea Surface Temperatures Push Globe To Hottest June Yet, and am reblogging it here.

May this begin a discussion.
Raymond DeBrane  /  July 22, 2014

I think the Koch Brothers and other oil and coal billionaires will have to bargain with the military and pay them huge amounts of cash to secure a place in underground shelters such as DUMBS. I strongly suspect that when TSHTF, those rich guys will be tossed out as human garbage when money becomes worthless and there’s nothing more to be gained by the military by giving them food, water, shelter, etc. Since the military is well armed, I’m fairly sure that the military will shoot them down without care or remorse to save the resources they would consume to use for more deserving people. It will be a just end for them all.
   
Andy (in San Diego)  /  July 23, 2014
The military can now legally operate on domestic soil. Cdn + US govt and military signed an agreement a couple of years ago such that they can operate on each others soil during unrest. All the Kochs (and ilk) need to do is own those that tell the military what to do. They have this covered. Greedy yes, and also quite smart.
   
robertscribbler  /  July 23, 2014
Clever, but not smart. Smart people don’t invest in fossil fuels and suppress the alternatives. The Kochs are two clever chaps who’ve long since lost limbic brain functionality.
  
robertscribbler  /  July 23, 2014

I’d also call them monstrous ignoramuses and lump them in with the villainous personas of our age. But that’s neither here nor there when it comes to what’s smart.
In any case, I seriously doubt the Kochs will be able to leverage special military protection, especially when it’s completely obvious to military planners that they’re fighting for the wrong side.
  
robertscribbler  /  July 23, 2014

To this point, you may want to read the book — Soft Apocalypse.
At some point, the military becomes saturated with problems and loses broader functioning. We have 10,000 people fighting fires on the west coast right now. Two brigades worth just to fight fires. How will it look in twenty years? What happens when you’re dealing with mass migration, probably violent unrest, states bordering on collapse, people rioting because their seaside homes were destroyed and there’s no insurance or disaster relief money left, people starving because the Kochs pushed them off food stamps, food riots because the crops failed and people like the Kochs pushed them off food stamps. Who are the people in the military going to sympathize with? The Kochs? You end up with that level of corruption and the whole system collapses pretty quick.
I’m thinking the Kochs have their oxes gored long before that point.
  
Raymond DeBrane  /  July 23, 2014

to Robert,
 I believe, even now, politicians know they are working for the wrong side. Ditto conservative media personalities. As long as the Kochs and other billionaires keep the money flowing to them, they will continue to shill for the wrong side. I think they and the military will take all the money they can get from those guys until things get so out of hand that the banks and the government, and the populace are crippled by financial and environmental collapse, massive gasoline shortages, people out of work that can’t pay for the gas that is available, and not able to pay for food at the grocery store, if it is still available. Then and only then will the Kochs and their ilk become excess baggage, expendable.
If you expect the people in general to come for the Kochs and their ilk, half the country won’t because they are hopelessly brainwashed by conservative media types to be for the policies of the Kochs, and to hate and despise billionaire George Soros, who is fighting the Kochs. Most people I’ve talked to never even heard of the Kochs, and they have no idea of the big picture of what those billionaires are up to and how bad a state the world is in right now because of climate change. Add to that that even people in this blog think that Prof Guy McPherson is wrong about NTE beginning around 2030, and you have people thinking that that can’t happen. It’s too soon. Everybody please Google John Mercer and read about his 1978 prediction about if we keep burning fossil fuels, we will melt the glaciers. As I mentioned previously, he took a lot of flack from his colleagues,, but modern scientists have found him to be a profit.
Thanks for the book recommendation.
  
robertscribbler  /  July 23, 2014

Corrupt political systems fail, media systems based on propaganda fail, and, in the end, people come after the Kochs. Absolutely.
In any case, I’m not so cynical as to believe that the Kochs own the system or that the situation is quite so altogether dark. Do the conservatives own the system? They’ve been more and more marginalized despite massive sums of money expended. They wouldn’t work so hard to suppress the vote if elections didn’t matter.